Student Resources
IMG

Isotopes

An introduction to isotopes, isotope ratios, atomic weights, and mass spectrometry. Climate contexts include determination of historical temperatures and sourcing of atmospheric carbon.

IMG

Gases

An exploration of the chemistry of gases, including a discussion of kinetic molecular theory, the ideal gas law and the interaction of gases with electromagnetic radiation. Climate contexts include the temperature profile of the atmosphere, the characteristics of greenhouse gases and the role of greenhouse gases in climate.

IMG

Acids and Bases

A discussion of acids and bases grounded in an understanding of reaction equilibria. Includes topics relating to the characteristics of acids and bases, chemical equilibria, reaction quotients, the pH scale, the difference between strong and weak acids and bases and the effect of pH on speciation. Climate contexts include ocean acidification and its effects on marine life.

IMG

Thermochemistry

An introduction to thermochemistry, including discussion of the forms of energy, system and surroundings, internal energy, heat, work, temperature, the role of energy in physical processes and chemical reactions, enthalpy and enthalpy changes. Climate contexts emphasize alteration of the Earth's energy balance and humanity's dependence on energy, especially through the combustion of fossil fuels.